Subtypes of Developmental Dyslexia


Julia Koifman, Israel


In light of teaching students with dyslexia and other learning difficulties (LD), neuroscientists claim that such deficiencies happen due to a neural base, depending on biological and environmental factors, and experience developing properties and improving reading skills. The research claims two types of dyslexia: developmental (or innate) and deep (or acquired due to brain traumas or diseases). This article researches developmental dyslexia (DD), which may be primary and secondary. DD is divided into two main subtypes: surface and phonological While reading; our brains must "rewire" neural circuits initially used for other tasks, such as visual and speech processing and attention and cognition. Psycholinguistics investigates the cognitive process of perception, production, and general use of language. This article revises teaching English in light of neuroscience, psycholinguistics, and appropriate methods to train working memory and other ways to overcome DD and its subtypes.


developmental dyslexia, neurodiversity, special education, working memory, neuroscience.